Dark tourism has become a buzzword in the modern era. There was a time when its usage was limited to research papers and journals but these days it is familiar to everyone associated with the tourism industry. However, ‘dark’ here is meant metaphorically and not literally. They only focus on a dark chapter of history. Thus, dark tourism often takes explores to all such places that are associated with tragedy, death, and suffering.
Concentration Camp Auschwitz,Poland
Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration and death camps. It was evolved into network of camps where Jewish people and enemies of Nazi.They were always kept in Gas chambers or as slave labour During World War II more than 1 million people lost their life’s Hitler ordered the construction of death camps. That were detention centers for Jews, political prisoners and other perceived enemies of the Nazi state, death camps existed for the sole purpose of killing Jews and other “undesirables,” in what became known as the Holocaust.
Volcano creeks in Pompiee Located in Pompiee – Italy
Mount Vesuvius, a volcano near the Bay of Naples in Italy,when the volcano buried the ancient Roman city of Pompeii under a thick carpet of volcanic ash. Two thousand people died, and the city was unknown for years.When a group of explorers the site in 1748, they were surprised to find that debris–Pompeii was mostly intact. The buildings,had skeletons the buried city .It stretches along African and Eurasian tectonic plates on the Italian peninsula. It destroyed almost every village, house and farm within 15 miles of the mountain.
Belchite is historically important because it was on the front during the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939. Both the Nationalist army and the Republican army had a chance to control the town. After the war, the town was totally ruined and you could smell the corpses all around. After 1939 a new village of Belchite was built adjacent to the ruins of the old,which remain a ghost town as a memorial to the war.
Aakigahara suicide forest, Japan
Aokigahara is sometimes referred to as the most popular site for suicide in Japan. The forest has a historical reputation as a home to yūrei: ghosts of the dead in Japanese mythology.In recent decades Aokigahara has become known as “theSuicide Forest”, one of the world’s most-used suicide sites;signs at the head of some trails urge suicidal visitors to thinkof their families and contact a suicide prevention association.
Roopkund (locally known as Mystery Lake or Skeletons Lake) is a high altitude glacial lake in the Uttarakhand state of India. It lies in the lap of Trishul massif. Located in the Himalayas, the area around the lake is uninhabited and is roughly at an altitude of 16,470 feet (5,020 m), surrounded by rock-strewn glaciers and snow-clad mountains. Roopkund is a popular trekking destination. The size of the lake varies substantially, but it is seldom more than 40 meters in diameter (1000 to 1500 square meters in area), and is frozen in the winter.
Jallianwala bagh, Amirstar
Jallianwala Bagh is a historic garden and ‘memorial of national importance’ in Amritsar, India, preserved in the memory of those wounded and killed in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that occurred on the site on the festival of Baisakhi, 13 April 1919. It houses a museum, gallery and a number of memorial structures.The 7-acre (28,000 m2) garden site of the massacre is located in the vicinity of the Golden Temple complex, the holiest shrine of Sikhism and is managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, which was established as per the ‘Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951’.
Cellular Jail, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Popularly known as Kala Pani, Cellular Jail was a colonial prison in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was especially used by the British to exile political prisoners. In fact, the remote archipelago was considered to be the best place to punish independence activists. Sending the prisoners to Kala Pani, not only isolated the activists from the mainland, but the overseas journey to the archipelago also resulted in their social exclusion.Described as “a place of exclusion and isolation within a more broadly constituted remote penal space”, Cellular Jail has withstood a lot of sufferings and its walls bear testimony to that. Now, the complex serves as a National Memorial monument
Kuldhara Village, Rajasthan
The local legend claims that while deserting the village, the Paliwals imposed a curse that no one would be able to re-occupy the village. Those who tried to re-populate the village experienced paranormal activities, and therefore, the village remains uninhabited.Gradually, the village acquired reputation as a haunted place, and started attracting tourists The local residents around the area do not believe in the ghost stories, but propagate them in order to attract tourists.In the early 2010s, Gaurav Tiwari of Indian Paranormal Society claimed to have observed paranormal activities at the site. The 18-member team of the Society along with 12 other people spent a night at the village. They claimed to have encountered moving shadows, haunting voices, talking spirits, and other paranormal activitiesIn 2015, the Rajasthan government decided to actively develop the village as a tourist spot.The project is being undertaken as a public-private partnership with Jindal Steel Works. The plan includes establishment of visitor facilities such as a cafe, a lounge, a folk-dance performance area, night-stay cottages and shops
Killing Fields, Cambodia
The Killing Fields are a number of sites in Cambodia where collectively more than a million people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime (the Communist Party of Kampuchea) during its rule of the country from 1975 to 1979, immediately after the end of the Cambodian Civil War (1970–1975). The mass killings are widely regarded as part of a broad state-sponsored genocide (the Cambodi genocide)
Analysis of 20,000 mass grave sites by the DC-Cam Mapping Program and Yale University indicates at least 1,386,734 victims of execution. Estimates of the total deaths resulting from Khmer Rouge policies, including death from disease and starvation, range from 1.7 to 2.5 million out of a 1975 population of roughly 8 million. In 1979, Vietnam invaded Democratic Kampuchea and toppled the Khmer Rouge regime, an act that is viewed as having ended the genocide.
Bhangarh is a village situated in Rajgarh Alwar, Rajasthan state of India. Bhangarh is at the edge of the Sariska Tiger Reserve.Bhangarh is also a pre-historic site and tourist spot. The journey to Bhangarh takes approximately 1.5 hrs and is 65 km from Jaipur. The most remarkable aspects of Bhangarh are its old buildings: the Hindu temples of Gopinath, Shiv (Someshwar), Hanuman, Ganesh, Vishal Devta, Lavina Devi, and Keshav Rai. Other buildings include shops and dhabas along the main road, several havelis, a mosque, and a palace.The palace is protected by two inner fortifications across the valley. The town is separated from the plain by ramparts with five gates.
Island of the dead dolls, Mexico
The Island of the Dolls, originally owned by Don Julian Santana Barrera, is full of dolls hanging from trees and buildings covered with cobwebs and insects. The place was named during the 1950s when the owner began to hang them as protection against evil spirits. Julian was a neighbor of the Barrio de la Asunción, where he used to go to drink pulque after having sold his vegetables, until, due to superstitions, he began to preach the Bible, being expelled from the sector. According to legend, a young girl drowned entangled among the lilies of the canal and her body was found on the banks of the Santampa chinampas. Don Julian began to experience inexplicable situations so, terrified, placed dolls that he found in the garbage or in the canals of Cuemanco with the idea that they would scare the soul of the young girl who would cry out “I want my doll”. He also found a doll floating nearby and, assuming it belonged to the deceased girl, hung it from a tree as a sign of respect, then when the owner of the island died he was in the same place where he saw the girl die.
KGB headquarters , Lithuania
Execution room where prisoners were killed and later buried in mass graves outside Vilnius. Objects found in these mass graves are now on display within the glass cases located across the floor of the room. Cell with padded walls and a straitjacket, for isolation of prisoners declared mentally unstable Wall outside the museum, engraved with names of those killed inside. The floor of this cell was filled with freezing water. The prisoners had to balance on the small platform in the middle of the cell until they fell into the water because of fatique. It was impossible to sleep in this cell.
The lower part of the building is carved with the names of anti- Soviet resistance fighters who were executed in the building during the Soviet occupation.Memorial in front of the KGB building on Gedimino Avenue. The partisan Petras Vizraras-Vapsva died on this spot when he jumped from the third floor in 1953 during an interrogation by the KGB. The sidewalk has been re-laid with the original tiles. The plate on the street recounts the event. The plate on the wall tells about the KGB building and its functions.
The Fukushima disaster is considered the second-worst nuclear disaster in history, forcing the relocation of over 100,000 people. During the emergency, each of the three operational nuclear reactors at the Fukushima plant shut down successfully, but the backup power and cooling systems failed. During the emergency, each of the three operational nuclear reactors at the Fukushima plant shut down successfully, but the backup power and cooling systems failed.
As a result, residual heat caused fuel rods in all three reactors to partially melt down. As crews searched the rubble for survivors and the nation reeled from the earthquake and ensuing tsunami, the nuclear disaster unfolded over the course of several days. Reactors 1 and 3 exploded on March 12 and 14, respectively, prompting the government to evacuate everyone within a 20km radius. Another explosion in the building housing Reactor 2 on March 15 released even more radiation, and thousands of people left their homes as workers used helicopters, water cannons and seawater pumps to try to cool the overheating facility.
Taj Palace Hotel, Mumbai
Jamsetji nusserwanji tata,founder of the tata group, opened the taj mahal place, a hotel in mumbai (formerly called bombay) overlooking the arabian sea, on 16 December 1903. It was the first taj palace hotel. The original indian architect were sitaram khandero vaidya and d.n mirza, and the project was completed by an English engineer, W.A. Chambers. The hotel received extensive international exposure in 2008 during a terrorist attack and reopened after extensive repairs.