Indian history and culture are well known for its diversity, connections and deep roots, and so is Indian tourism. Every tourist destination has a past, a reason, a story and a unique identity. This is why when we travel these place, we feel that connection, the connection of knowing and being a part it.
1. Taj Mahal
The monument was built in 1653 by Shahjahan for his favourite queen Mumtaz Mahal on the bank of Yamuna River (Agra). This ivory-white marble mausoleum resembles the purity of love, how an emperor made this big tomb in the memory of wife. I doubt shahjahan ever even thought that what he built in the memory of his wife will become the wonder of world and symbol of love one day.
2. Golden Temple-
The Golden Temple, also known as Harmandir Sahib, meaning “abode of God” or Darbār Sahib, meaning “exalted court” is a gurdwara located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab, India. It is the preeminent spiritual site of Sikhism.
At the shrine, free Sikh community run kitchen that serves a simple vegetarian meal to all visitors without discrimination. Over 100,000 people visit the holy Gurdwara daily for worship, this shrine is the symbol of faith, social equality and selfless social work and help.
3. Red Fort-
The Red Fort is a historic fort in the city of Delhi (in Old Delhi) in India that served as the main residence of the Mughal Emperors. Emperor Shah Jahan commissioned construction of the Red Fort on 12 May 1638, when he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi. On 15 August 1947, the first prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate, and the tradition continued since then.
The fort resembles freedom struggle, independence and the end of British era.
4. Ellora Caves-
Ellora is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, India. It is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world, featuring Hindu, Buddhist and Jain monuments, and artwork, dating from the 600–1000 CE period.
These amazing caves filled with the history of art and culture resembles the diversity of our country and proud history and culture that is passed onto us from thousands of years.
5. Mehrangarh Fort-
Mehrangarh, located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. Built around 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort is situated 410 feet (125 m) above the city and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards.
Legends says that, for the fort he had to displace the hill’s sole human occupant, a hermit called Cheeria Nathji, the lord of birds. Cheeria Nathji was a man with the local population as his followers and hence influential in the region. When requested to move he refused categorically. Rao Jodha then took extreme measures and sought help from another more powerful saint, the female warrior sage Shri Karni Mata of Deshnok. On request of the king she came and asked Cheeria Nathji to quit immediately. Seeing a superior power he left at once but cursed Rao Jodha with words “Jodha! May your citadel ever suffer a scarcity of water!” Later to please cheeria nathji, he made a temple and room in his name in the fort.
And the fact is, seeing the influence of Karni Mata, Rao Jodha then invited her to lay down the foundation stone of the Mehrangarh Fort. Today only the forts of Bikaner and Jodhpur remain in the hands of Rathors, both had their foundation stone laid by Shri Karni Mata. All other Rajput forts of Rajasthan were abandoned for some or the other reasons by the respective clans. Only the Rathors of Jodhpur and Bikaner have their forts with them till date.
The fort stands for devotion, belief, struggle and fight for freedom.
6. Qutb Minar
The Qutb Minar, also spelled as Qutub Minar and Qutab Minar, is a minaret and “victory tower”, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Mehrauli area of New Delhi, India. The height of Qutb Minar is 72.5 meters, making it the tallest minaret in the world built of bricks.
It was built over the ruins of the Lal Kot, the citadel of Dhillika by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, deputy of muhammad of ghor and the construction was completed by Shamsuddin Iltutmish and the Minar was named after Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki a 13th-century sufi saint.
The building resembles the power, devotion, faith, trust and family values.
7. Gateway of India-
The Gateway of India is an arch-monument built in the early twentieth century in the city of Mumbai, in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It was erected to commemorate the landing in December 1911 at Apollo Bunder, Mumbai of King-Emperor George V and Queen-Empress Mary, the first British monarch to visit India. At the time of the royal visit, the gateway was not yet built, and a cardboard structure greeted the monarch.
The monument resembles the time before freedom and fusion of Indo-British Architecture.
8. Nahargarh Fort-
Nahargarh Fort stands on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, overlooking the city of Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan. Along with Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh once formed a strong defence ring for the city. The fort was originally named Sudarshangarh, but it became known as Nahargarh, which means ‘abode of tigers’. The popular belief is that Nahar here stands for Nahar Singh Bhomia, whose spirit haunted the place and obstructed construction of the fort. Nahar’s spirit was pacified by building a temple in his memory within the fort, which thus became known by his name.
The fort stands for Rajput bravery and will to fight against bad and Mughal- Rajput friendship.
9. Dashashwamedh Ghat
Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main ghat in Varanasi on the Ganga River in Uttar Pradesh. It is located close to Vishwanath Temple and is probably the most spectacular ghat. Two Hindu legends are associated with it: according to one, Brahma created it to welcome Shiva, and in another, Brahma sacrificed ten horses during Dasa-Ashwamedha yajna performed here. The present ghat was built by Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao in the year 1748.
The ghat resembles the old traditions of Indian culture and Importance of rivers as rivers are considered holy and worshipped in Hindu culture.