• Elephanta Caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a collection of cave temples predominantly dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. They are on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally “the city of caves”), in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of Mumbai in the Indian state of Mahārāshtra.
  • The island, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, consists of five Hindu caves and a few Buddhist stupa mounds that date back to the 2nd century BCE, as well as a small group of two Buddhist caves with water tanks.


  • Location :Raisen district, Madhya Pradesh
  • History
    • Bhimbetka comprises of five clusters of rock shelters distributed across an area of 10 km, spanning seven hills. The archaeological significance of Bhimbetka remained unknown to the modern world for a long time. It has been mentioned it as a Buddhist site.  The real significance of these caves, however, was realized only in 1970. After that, over 750 rock shelters have been discovered on the site as of now. Out of these, 243 are part of the Bhimbetka group while 178 are part of the Lakha Juar group situated nearby. Based on the excavations conducted at Bhimbetka and the artifacts and rock paintings discovered on the site, the Archaeological Survey of India has concluded that the rock shelters were continuously occupied until the 2nd century BCE.


  • Location: Location: Pune, Bhaje, Maharashtra, India
    • The Bhaja caves are a group of 22 rock-cut Buddhist caves, located near Pune. Visited mostly along with the Karla Caves, these caves are believed to have existed since 2nd century BC. The ancient caves are protected as Monument of National Importance by the Archaeological Survey of India. The Bhaja Caves houses a group of 14 majestic stupas which are the heirloom of the resident monks who died at Bhaja. Five of these stupas can be seen outside the ancient cave while nine are outside displaying an inscription with the name of three monks – Ampinika, Dhammagiri and Sanghdina. These stupas have been sculpted very intricately showing the name of the monks along with their titles.
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